History

THE

HISTORY OF WATCH MAKING

Like the History of the world a country or past stories about anything, the history of watch making is jaded, based on a collection of facts from the past. Not everything was recorded and some recorded history facts were destroyed, lost or omitted by the collectors of these facts. Below we have listed some of the facts we thought to be interesting…

Select a period in time..
‌‌‌BC 742 – AD 1675 | ‌‌‌AD 1720 – 1875 | ‌‌‌AD 1880 – 1953 | ‌‌‌AD 1954 – 1973 | ‌‌‌AD 1974 – 2001

BC 742 – AD 1675

BC 742 – AD 1675

B.C. 742 • First recorded mention of the sundial.

A.D. 330 • Sand glasses known to be in use.

A.D. 1000 • The first escapement.

1368 • Clock making began in England.

1500 • Mainspring invented by Peter Henlein, a locksmith of Nurenberg.

1511 • The first portable clock (by Peter Henlein).

1581Galileo discovered the properties of the pendulum.

1675 • Royal Observatory at Greenwich founded

AD 1720 – 1875

1720George Graham invents a system to measure time intervals on clocks.

1730 • The first cuckoo clock was constructed in Germany.

1780 • The first hair spring (balance spring) was invented by Breguet, in Paris.

1801The Tourbillon escapement was patented by Breguet.

1822 • Rieussec invents the first chronograph in a pocket watch by means of an inked need.

1830-50 • Utilization of chronographs mainly for military purposes.

1862 • First chronograph with return to zero mechanism (Adolphe Nicole, Vallée de Joux)

1875 • The first alarm clock appeared in Germany.

AD 1880 – 1953

AD 1880 – 1953

1880 • First split-second chronographs appear.

1883 • First chronograph with 2 pushers.

1900 • First wrist watches appeared.

1916 • Summer Time first introduced.

1926First waterproof watch invented by Rolex.

1931 • First perpetual self-winding watch invented by Rolex.

1937 • Quartz crystal clocks introduced at the Royal Greenwich Observatory.

1953 • First pressure proof watch invented by Rolex.

AD 1954 – 1973

1954 • First watch with Helium escape valve for deep sea diving by Rolex.

1955 • Atomic clock invented in England.

1957 • The first electric wrist watches marketed by Hamilton Watch Co., USA

1965 • NASA chooses the OMEGA Speedmaster. Neil Armstrong was the first man on the moon wearing the OMEGA Speedmaster Moon.

1967 • Quartz crystal watch module developed in Switzerland and Japan.

1972/73 • First electronic chronograph, ESA 9162, with additional module (Dubois-Dépraz)

1973 • First LCD quartz watch with six-digit digital display made by Seiko.

AD 1974 – 2001

AD 1974 – 2001

1974 • First mechanical chronograph with vertical clutch by (Seiko)

1976 • George Daniels produces the first Co-Axial escapement.

1988 • Analogue quartz watch using kinetic energy source, marketed by Seiko.

1990 • Junghans introduced the first radio controlled analogue watch.

1997 • Omega was introduced to the Co-Axial escapement

1998 • Launch of the first Omega watch equipped with a Co-Axial escapement.

2001 • Launch of the first Chronograph equipped with a Co-Axial escapement.

Image Credit: https://monochrome-watches.com

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